Dr. SaMeH S. Ahmed

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department

High-Level Radioac


High-Level Radioactive Waste 


High level waste (HLW) is a type of nuclear waste created by the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. It exists in two main forms:

Liquid high level waste is typically held temporarily in underground tanks pending vitrification. Most of the high level waste created by the Manhattan project and the weapons programs of the cold war exists in this form because funding for further processing was typically not part of the original weapons programs. Both spent nuclear fuel and vitrified waste are considered  as suitable forms for long term disposal, after a period of temporary storage in the case of spent nuclear fuel.

Long-lived
fission products
Prop:
Unit:
t½
Ma
Yield
%
Q *
KeV
βγ
*
99Tc 0.211 6.1385 294 β
126Sn 0.230 0.1084 4050 βγ
79Se 0.327 0.0447 151 β
93Zr 1.53 5.4575 91 βγ
135Cs 2.3  6.9110 269 β
107Pd 6.5  1.2499 33 β
129I 15.7  0.8410 194 βγ
Medium-lived
fission products
Prop:
Unit:
t½
a
Yield
%
Q *
keV
βγ
*
155Eu 4.76 .0803 252 βγ
85Kr 10.76 .2180 687 βγ
113mCd 14.1 .0008 316 β
90Sr 28.9 4.505 2826 β
137Cs 30.23 6.337 1176 βγ
121mSn 43.9 .00005 390 βγ
151Sm 90 .5314 77 β


HLW contains many of the fission products and transuranic elements generated in the reactor core and is the type of nuclear waste with the highest activity. HLW accounts for over 95% of the total radioactivity produced in the nuclear power process. In other words, while most nuclear waste is low-level and intermediate-level waste, such as protective clothing and equipment that have been contaminated with radiation, the majority of the radioactivity produced from the nuclear power generation process becomes high-level waste.

In the US, HLW from reprocessing of spent fuel from electrical power stations amounts to less than 1% of the total volume of US HLW; the rest is defense related. Some other countries, particularly France, reprocess commercial spent fuel.

High level waste is very radioactive and, therefore, requires special shielding during handling and transport. It also needs cooling, because it generates a great deal of heat. Most of the heat, for the first several hundred years, is from the medium-lived fission products cesium-137 and strontium-90.

A typical large nuclear reactor produces 25–30 tons of spent fuel per year. If the fuel were reprocessed and vitrified, the waste volume would be only about three cubic meters per year, but the decay heat would be almost the same.

It is generally accepted that the final waste will be disposed of in a deep geological repository, and many countries have developed plans for such a site, includingFranceJapan, and the United States (see also High-level radioactive waste management).


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Monday:      12-1

Wednesday: 10-11

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Time Table 2018-19S


Civil Eng. Students


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Love your department and be proud of your field of study

As we approaching the second midterm exams..  Get ready and remember our offices are open to answer you . do not hesitate to .contact me if you have difficulties

For CE 370 students : Your second midterm exam will be on Wednesday 27 March 2019. In the surveying lab

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My Dear Students

Please visit the  announcement box for the relevant course and make sure that you can download and upload easily, otherwise

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There will be an orientation session in the midell of this term to help you select your track in Civil and Environmental Engineering

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Electrical Power Resources: Coal versus Renewable Energy



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Mining Engineering


Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that involves practice, theory, science, technology, and the application of extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment. Mining engineering also includes processing minerals for additional value.

Environmental Engineering


Environmental engineers are the technical professionals who identify and design solutions for    environmental problems. Environmental engineers provide safe drinking water, treat and properly dispose of wastes, maintain air quality, control water pollution, and remediate sites contaminated due to spills or improper disposal of hazardous substances. They monitor the quality of the air, water, and land. And, they develop new and improved means to protect the environment.

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College of Eng. MU

http://mu.edu.sa/ar


Univeristies

Universities I've worked in


Assuit University (Home University), Egypt


Imperial College, London, UK


Faculty of Engineering, Al-Mergeb University, Libya


King Saud University, KSA

,Majmaah University


Majmaah University has a very nice web page that provide  all information regarding deanships, colleges, activities,  campuses and many others. Search your request in
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My Academic Pages

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sameh_Ahemd

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Sports

Ahly vs Zamalek, 30 March 2019

Africa Nation Cup, June 2019


Course 2018/19-2


  1. Surveying 1 CE 370
  2. Surveying II  CE 371
  3. Senior Design II  (round 6) CE 499




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Latest

Member of the Editorial Board: " Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Sciences"  2013 till now

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sameh_Ahmed5/?ev=hdr_xprf

Participating in The Third International Conference on Water, Energy and Environment,(ICWEE) 2019 - American University of Sharjah, UAE 26-28 March 2019 with a Paper and Poster

New article


Coming soon



2nd Midterm Exams on 3/4/2019

Student Conference



Participation  in the 6Th Student Conference

With a paper and oral presentation

From the Senior Design Project CE499 -35

See inside, the paper, and presentation

CE 370 Course

Surveying I

2018-2019S




Power point


Sheets


Lecture notes
15

3-4-2019

:Second Midterm Exam



Results


Model Answer
Inside, please follow

Working  marks is available -Click on Surveying I

CE 371 Course

Surveying II

2018-2019-2




Lectures





First midterm exam


Lab


Results

See Inside

Working marks out of 60 is  available- Click on Surveying 2

CE 474 Course

Photogrammetry

2018-2019-1



Available 0-1-2-3-4 Power point

Available

Quizzes 2 and 3 with model Answer

Quizzes
Available Chapter 1,2,3,4,5 Lecture notes

Report 1  Cameras Report

Y

60 marks Exams

See Inside

Student Performance Records


CE 499 Course

Senior Design 2


Second Best paper from Senior Design Projects in 2015

Paper title:

Evaluation of Groundwater Quality Parameters using Multivariate Statistics- a case Study of Majmaah, KSA

Students:

Abdullah A. Alzeer

Husam K. Almubark

Maijd M. Almotairi

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Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
College of Engineering, Majmaah University
Majmaah, P.O. 66, 11952, KSA

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